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Defending the Faith

These Daily Reflections supply the messages from Grace Church as daily video clips from the most recent sermons. Each day's clip will last about 10 minutes and if you watch them all, you will have reviewed morning and evening sermons from the previous Sunday.

Ministry Reflection - June 16, 2009

A Man after God’s Own Heart: 1 Samuel 13:14

First, David was the greatest type of Christ in the Old Testament. There were at least three kinds of types: institutions, events and persons. The priestly sacrifices (including the Passover) foreshadowing the atoning work of Christ were the greatest of the typical institutions. The Exodus of God’s people out of Egypt was the greatest event picturing the redemption Christ would provide His people from their slavery to sin and Satan. There were personal types of Christ as well, such as Moses, Joshua and Solomon; but of all of these personal types, David was the greatest.

Why should we believe David was the greatest personal type of Christ? It’s not just that David was singled out to be king. Remember the Lord singled Saul out as well. And yet after Saul’s many failures, it became clear that it wasn’t the Lord intention that Saul’s dynasty continue. It’s true that if Saul had been faithful, the Lord would have established his kingdom forever (1 Sam. 13:13), which implies that Messiah would have come through his line. But the Lord knew Saul would fail – it was a part of His plan that he would – but only because of his own sin. Because He knew of that failure, He also knew what He intended to do about it – He would call David.

Here is where the Lord did something unique. He anointed David and established the kingly line in his descendants for as long as Israel continued to be a kingdom. He did more than this: He also established the kingship of His invisible church – His spiritual Israel – in the seed of David to the end of the world and throughout eternity. In other words, in David, He established the kingdom of His Son: Jesus Christ.

Second, let’s consider how the Lord not only pictured the coming kingdom of Christ in David, He also established it in David. David’s being anointed as king was a picture of Christ’s anointing by the Spirit to be king: “I have found David My servant; with My holy oil I have anointed him, with whom My hand will be established; My arm also will strengthen him” (Psalm 89:20-21). David’s throne was the throne on which Christ would sit and rule over His church and the world. “The angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end’” (Luke 1:30-33). Peter preached in his Pentecost sermon: Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. And so, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne, he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay. This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses” (Acts 2:29-32).

Christ is so closely identified with David, He is even referred to as David in the prophets. Speaking through Ezekiel, many years after the death of David, the Lord said, “Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd. And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them; I the LORD have spoken” (Ezek. 34:23-24). And through Jeremiah, who also lived during the time of the exile as Ezekiel, the Lord said, “‘Alas! for that day is great, there is none like it; and it is the time of Jacob’s distress, but he will be saved from it. It shall come about on that day,’ declares the LORD of hosts, ‘that I will break his yoke from off their neck and will tear off their bonds; and strangers will no longer make them their slaves. But they shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them’” (Jer. 30:7-9).

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