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Defending the Faith

These Daily Reflections supply the messages from Grace Church as daily video clips from the most recent sermons. Each day's clip will last about 10 minutes and if you watch them all, you will have reviewed morning and evening sermons from the previous Sunday.

Ministry Reflection - July 22, 2009

The Davidic Covenant: 2 Samuel 7

This, secondly, was the fifth revelation God made of His Covenant of Grace. In making this promise to David, the Lord was actually establishing the line from which His Son would come and His throne. The Lord said to David, “Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever” (2 Sam. 7:16). This promise would be fulfilled in Jesus, the Son of David. David’s kingdom ended long ago as far as an earthly kingdom. But it continues in Christ, who, being David’s Son, ascended into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. The fact that this covenant has ultimately to do with Jesus Christ makes it a further revelation of the Covenant of Grace.

This also make it the fifth time the Lord revealed the Covenant of Grace, beginning with Fall. Before the Fall, there was another covenant in force: the Covenant of Works. This is the covenant God made with Adam that would bring him life or death, depending on whether or not he obeyed the Lord. This is the covenant he broke that condemned us all to death, from which Jesus also came to save us. When Adam broke that covenant, the Lord first revealed the Covenant of Grace. He gave Adam and Eve the promise that a seed would arise from the woman who would destroy the serpent. From that time on, everyone who believed God’s promise, who trusted in that coming Seed, was saved.

Afterwards, He revealed this covenant to Noah and his family. Because mankind had broken His covenant (the Covenant of Works through Adam) they no longer had any right to the world. And so the Lord took it away from them with the Flood and gave it to Noah and his family, along with a new promise of dominion over the earth, now based on the Covenant of Grace, instead of the Covenant of Works.

He revealed this covenant a third time to Abraham and confirmed it to Isaac and Jacob. He promised to give Abraham the land of Canaan – that pointed to the new heavens and earth. He promised him many children and that many nations would come from his loins – which pointed to the fact that he would be the father of both believing Jews and Gentiles. He promised Abraham that his seed would possess the gates of their enemies, which started with his victory over Chedorlaomer and the four kings – which pointed to the dominion Christ would have over the world. And He gave him the sign and seal of circumcision to confirm these blessings – this sign pointed to the righteousness which was available through the Promised Seed by faith.

The Lord revealed the Covenant of Grace a fourth time to Moses in the wilderness. Here the Lord reissued the standard of righteousness in the Moral Law (the Ten Commandments) to show what man had to do to enter heaven. He also gave Moses the Ceremonial Law to show them what their sins deserved (death) and to point them to the promised Seed of Abraham.

Now, with David, we see its fifth revelation. The Lord said to David, “Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever” (2 Sam. 7:16). This was the establishing of the Covenant of Grace with David: that the Messiah – Jesus Christ – would come through his line and would rule on his throne forever. David understood this as God’s establishing this covenant with him and so treasured it as the greatest blessing the Lord had ever bestowed on him. In David’s last recorded words, we read, “The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, and His word was on my tongue. The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, ‘He who rules over men righteously, who rules in the fear of God, is as the light of the morning when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when the tender grass springs out of the earth, through sunshine after rain.’ Truly is not my house so with God? For He has made an everlasting covenant with me, ordered in all things, and secured; for all my salvation and all my desire, will He not indeed make it grow?” (2 Sam. 23:2-5). This covenant was the covenant of grace that had everything to do with David’s, Israel’s and our salvation, as we are told in Isaiah 55:1-3: “Ho! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no money come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost. Why do you spend money for what is not bread, and your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good, and delight yourself in abundance. Incline your ear and come to Me. Listen, that you may live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, according to the faithful mercies shown to David.”

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